What Is The Average Annual Rainfall In Kentucky?
- Michael Paul
The third important takeaway is that naturally occurring droughts may become more severe as a result of increases in evaporation rates brought about by rising temperatures. The climate of Kentucky is characterized by moderately large variations in temperature and abundant precipitation.
This can be attributed to the state’s central location in the eastern half of the United States, as well as the absence of mountain barriers to the interior of the North American continent and south to the Gulf of Mexico. The winters are mild, but there are rare bursts of very cold arctic air. The summers range from warm to hot and humid, while the winters are chilly overall.
The average daily high temperatures for the month of July range from 82 degrees Fahrenheit in the east to 91 degrees Fahrenheit in the west, while the average daily high temperatures for the month of January range from 40 degrees Fahrenheit in the north to 47 degrees Fahrenheit in the south.
- In the north, it will be below zero degrees Fahrenheit for more than three days out of the year, while in the south it will be less than one day.
- Although the majority of the state is lower than 1,000 feet in height, Kentucky’s elevation fluctuates from just 400 feet above sea level along the Mississippi River in the western part of the state to more than 4,100 feet at the top of Black Mountain in the southeast of the state.
The northeast receives around 38 inches of precipitation on average each year, whereas the southeast receives approximately 58 inches.2011 was the wettest year on record with 64 inches of precipitation, while 1930 was the driest year on record with 29 inches of precipitation.
What is a average annual rainfall?
The phrase “average annual rainfall” refers to the normal amount of precipitation that falls during a given calendar year. This definition was developed by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources for users of modeling software such as WinSLAMM, P8, or other comparable methodologies.
The department’s publication for the place that is geographically closest to the municipality is consulted to get the yearly average rainfall total. Sample 1 Sample 2 Sample 3 The term “average annual rainfall” refers to the amount of precipitation that falls over the course of one calendar year, excluding snowfall.
Sample 1 Sample 2 Sample 3 The term “average annual rainfall” refers to the quantity of precipitation that falls on an area on a yearly basis and is measured by the National Weather Service station that is located closest to the location in question during the prior thirty years.
What is Kentucky weather like year round?
The song “Kentucky Rain” was made famous by Elvis Presley, yet here in Kentucky, we have plenty of sunlight and four distinct seasons to take pleasure in. Because of our location in the middle of the United States, the climate in Kentucky is almost always warm to moderate.
- The state has all four distinct seasons, with mild summers and winters that are only slightly below freezing on average.
- Because the daytime temperature during the summer averages 87 degrees and the UV index is often high, even when the sun is obscured by clouds, it is important to take care to protect your skin if you plan on spending a significant amount of time outside.
On the other hand, the winter lows average about 23 degrees, which means that snow and ice can be a problem at times – so be prepared all the time. You never know when an afternoon could shift from clear to thunderstorms in only an hour or two, so it is always helpful to check the forecast before your vacation to Kentucky in order to pack correctly.
- Despite these tendencies, the weather in Kentucky can vary quite a little from day to day.
- Spring and fall are the most popular times to visit Kentucky because of the state’s generally pleasant weather for outdoor activities.
- The state of Kentucky comes alive with vibrant colors and lush flora in the springtime.
In Kentucky’s Horse Country, the state’s famed bluegrass fields shine brightly, and young foals may be seen breaking their maiden gaits for the first time. The fall season ushers in more vibrant colors as well as fresh, brisk air. It is possible to see the first hues of yellow, red, and orange leaf as early as the middle to the latter part of September in certain regions, with a peak across the state often occurring around the middle of October.
What state gets the most rain annually?
1. Hawaii receives an average of 63.70 inches of rain per year, making it the wettest state in the United States. iStock.com/Michelle M. Chan’s Photographs The state of Hawaii, which is located in Oceania and is a part of the United States, has the wettest climate in the United States, with an average annual precipitation of 63.70 inches.
The Hawaiian Islands are a chain of islands located in the middle of the Pacific Ocean and are a part of the Polynesian area. Due to the consistent warmth of Hawaii’s climate, the state’s surf breaks, unspoiled beaches, and active volcanoes may all be explored to their full potential. The mountainous terrain and valleys of the northeastern islands are where the most of the precipitation is found.
It is brought on by the wet trade winds that blow in from the Pacific Ocean, which are then pushed up the slopes and generate condensation, which results in rain. During the winter months, there is a remote possibility that snow will fall on the high slopes of Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea in Hawaii.
What states get the most rain per year?
It rains an average of 63.7 inches (1,618 millimeters) every year over the whole state of Hawaii, making it the wettest state in the United States overall. However, there are very few locations in Hawaii that match the average for the state. There are many meteorological stations on the islands, and some of them report annual rainfall totals of less than 20 inches (508 mm), while others receive well over 100 inches (2540 mm).
- The climate of Hawaii is mostly influenced by air that is loaded with moisture and moves in from the ocean.
- This air produces enormous amounts of precipitation on the windward side of an island, while the leeward half of the island remains dry.
- For example, close to the east coast of the Big Island of Hawaii is a place called Papaikou Mauka, which receives 202 inches (5130 millimeters) of rain annually.
However, rainfall at Kona Village, which is located on the island’s western side, averages just 11 inches (280 millimeters) yearly. Not only does Mt. Waialeale on Kauai receive the greatest rainfall of any location in Hawaii, but it also receives the most rainfall of any location in the United States.
Between the years 1931 and 1960, the weather station atop the mountain recorded an annual precipitation average of 460 inches (11,684 millimeters). Other states in the United States that receive a significant amount of precipitation throughout the year are located in the southeastern region of the country and along the Gulf coast.
According to the state-wide averages of monthly precipitation, the ten states that receive the most rain each year receive at least 50 inches (1270 millimeters) of rain on average, which is equivalent to 4 inches (101 millimeters) per month. The wettest weather in the country tends to move northward over the summer, and it eventually reaches Iowa, West Virginia, and New Jersey.
The northern coastal states of Washington, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island join the list of the ten states that receive the most rainfall during the fall and winter seasons. Seven inches of rain falls typically during the months with the most precipitation overall (178 mm). Only Florida during the months of June, July, and August, and Hawaii between the months of March and November regularly see rainfall on this scale annually.
Whereas the monthly averages for Hawaii account for significant variation across the state, the majority of locations in Florida have rainfall totals that are very near to the average for the whole state.
|9||Connecticut & North Carolina (tie)||South Carolina||Mississippi|
|10||South Carolina||Arkansas & Kentucky (tie)||New Jersey|
What are the pros and cons of living in Kentucky?
Summary Table of the Benefits and Drawbacks of Residing in Kentucky –
|Pros of Living in Kentucky||Cons of Living in Kentucky|
|1.Tax Breaks||1.Lackluster Education|
|2. Low Cost of Living||2. Severe Weather Potential|
|3. Defined Seasons||3. Nuisance Wildlife|
|4. Incredible Landscape||4. Pollution in Areas|
|5. Centralized Location||5. High Sales Tax|
|6. Affordable Housing||6. High Crime Rate|
|7. Plenty of Jobs||7. Limited Public Transportation|
|8. Great Food and Drinks||8. Infrastructure Issues|
Is Kentucky humid or dry?
Oh, The Relentless Humidity. Which state has the highest average annual humidity?
|State||Average RH||Average Dew Point|
What are the 5 winters in Kentucky?
The ‘small winters’ that occur in the middle of spring are referred to by a variety of names depending on where you live, including Dogwood Winter, Blackberry Winter, Locust Winter, Whippoorwill Winter, Redbud Winter, and a few more.
What is the sunniest city in Kentucky?
The amount of days with sunshine
What is the warmest city in Kentucky?
=20. The summertime heat wave in Bowling Green, Kentucky (21.1°C / 70°F) is responsible for more deaths annually than any other weather-related danger. photographs by tommaso79/Getty Images Bowling Green is a city in Kentucky that is home to Western Kentucky University and is well-known for its caverns, Corvettes, and Western Kentucky Hilltoppers.
What’s the hottest it’s ever been in Kentucky?
There are several states that often endure weather that is either extremely hot or extremely cold. Temperatures as high as 130 degrees Fahrenheit have been recorded in Death Valley, which is located in California. The temperature of 134 degrees Fahrenheit, which was recorded in Death Valley, is now the global record.
- Temperature extremes are nothing new for the state of Kentucky.
- Stacker has developed a list of the states that have the highest and lowest recorded temperatures.
- According to the website, “Stacker consulted 2019 data from the NOAA’s State Climate Extremes Committee (SCEC) to create this slideshow illustrating the hottest and coldest temperatures ever recorded in each state.” The slideshow is an illustration of the highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded in each state.
According to Stacker, the state of Kentucky reached a record high temperature of 114 degrees Fahrenheit in the year 1894. On July 28, 1930, in Greensburg, a temperature of this magnitude was recorded. The state of Kentucky has had temperatures as low as -37 degrees Fahrenheit on record.
On January 19, 1994, in Shelbyville, a temperature of such magnitude was recorded. On March 3, 1942, a total of 26 inches of snow fell throughout the state of Kentucky. The state had 10.48 inches of precipitation in the month of March 1997, which was the largest amount of precipitation ever recorded in the state for a 24-hour period.
To get a complete listing of the states that have the highest and lowest recorded temperatures, go here.
How many mm of rain is heavy per year?
Rainfall rates of 4 millimeters or more per hour but fewer than 8 millimeters per hour are considered to be heavy. Rainfall rates of more than 8 millimeters per hour are considered quite heavy. Light precipitation: less than 2 millimeters per hour. Greater than 2 millimeters but less than 10 millimeters an hour is considered a moderate shower.
How do you find the mean annual rainfall?
Simply divide the amount of rain that was measured in inches by 12, and you will get the yearly rainfall in feet. If you regularly measure annual rainfall in inches. For instance, residents of Phoenix, Arizona receive around 7 inches of yearly rainfall; therefore, they would divide 7 by 12 to determine the annual rainfall total of 0.58 feet.
What is the average rainfall in New Jersey?
Precipitation: The annual precipitation totals range from around 40 inches in the southeast coast to about 51 inches in the north-central areas of the state on average. In most other parts of the country, the annual average rainfall is anywhere between 43 and 47 inches.
During the warmer months, rainfall is dispersed in an even manner. There have been few instances where heavy rainfall of 7 or 8 inches over the course of 24 hours was reported. In the course of the growing season, it is not unusual for there to be brief spells of drought; nevertheless, lengthy droughts are quite infrequent, happening on average once every 15 years.
Heavy rains over the state of New Jersey, which may or may not be related with tropical storms, are often the culprits behind flooding in the state. Ice overloading can lead to floods in the surrounding area. In the Highlands, the period of time between the 15th of October and the 20th of April is the most likely time for snowfall, whereas the period between the 15th of November and the 15th of March is the most likely time for snowfall in the area around Cape May.
- The Highlands receive about 50 inches on average throughout the winter season, whereas Cape May receives just around 13 inches on average during the same time period.
- There are rare instances in which a single storm may bring snowfall of 10 inches or more.
- The average number of days in a month with precipitation that can be measured is eight for each of the fall months, September, October, and November; this number ranges from nine to twelve for the other months of the year; the average number of days in a year is one hundred and twenty.
Along the seacoast, the relative humidity during the middle of the day averages 68 percent, although inland places often see 57 percent or less. In a typical year, the quantity of sunlight that may be expected in the northern counties ranges from slightly more than one-half of the possible amount to around sixty percent.
- The predominant wind direction for the rest of the year is from the southwest, with the exception of the months of October through April, when it blows from the northwest.
- There is an average of less than one tornado per year, while the majority of places have between 25 and 30 thunderstorms annually.
As evidenced by the population density in the state, New Jersey’s energizing climate, which features marked changes in weather that are generally neither extreme nor severe, provides an excellent setting for industrial and commercial interests. This is evidenced by the fact that the state has a relatively low average temperature.
|Weather Related Links|
|Current NJ Weather|
|NJ Salt Water Tide Charts – saltwatertides.com|
|NJ Salt Water Tide Charts – tideschart.com|
|Average Temperatures Chart|
|Average Rainfall Graph|
|Sunrise/Sunset Times Chart (Newark)|
|Sunrise/Sunset Times Chart (Atlantic City)|
How do you calculate average rainfall?
The Measurement of Precipitation Traditional methods for measuring liquid precipitation involve employing a number of distinct kinds of rain gauges, including those with non-recording cylindrical containers, recording weighing types, float types, and tipping-bucket types.
Each of the gages described above measures the amount of precipitation at a specific spot. Utilizing radar as a precipitation monitoring tool is another another approach that might be taken. The backscattered power of the echo returns is what the radar is actually measuring when it takes its readings.
Calculating a reflectivity factor, denoted by Z, requires the usage of this return power. The amount of rain that will fall may then be calculated using an equation known as a “Z-R relationship,” which makes use of the Z reflectivity factor. The NWS WSR-88D 1-hour radar precipitation estimates are produced by the ABRFC for our area of responsibility on a grid resolution that is about 4 by 4 kilometers square.
Hydrologic Necessity for Geographically Distributed Precipitation Estimates The river forecasting models that are utilized by the NWS necessitate the use of areal estimations of the precipitation. The reason for this is that the models replicate the process of rainfall and runoff on a foundation that accounts for the drainage catchment area.
These smaller runoff zones, sometimes known as catchments, are created by subdividing larger river basins. The streamflow, which is subsequently used to make projections for river stage, is calculated based on the runoff that results from an excess of precipitation in each zone.
- An Approximation of the Precipitation Over the Entire Area A measurement of precipitation taken at a single site is not always indicative of the total amount of precipitation that occurs over a certain catchment area.
- It is possible for a dense network of point measurements and/or radar estimations to produce a more accurate picture of the actual volume throughout a particular region.
A variety of different methods, which include the following, can be used to transform a network of precipitation data to areal estimations.1) The Arithmetic Mean: This method determines the areal precipitation by determining the arithmetic mean of all of the point or areal measurements that were taken into consideration in the study.2) Isohyetal Analysis: This is a graphical approach that includes drawing estimated lines of equal rainfall over an area based on point measurements.
- This technique is used to estimate the amount of precipitation that falls over an area.
- In order to arrive at an accurate assessment of the areal precipitation value, it is necessary to compare the magnitude and extent of the resultant rainfall regions of coverage to the area that is under investigation.3) The Thiessen Polygon is Yet Another Graphical Method That Calculates Station Weights Based On Relative Areas Of Each Measurement Station In The Thiessen Polygon Network This is Yet Another Graphical Method That To calculate the areal average precipitation, first the individual weights are multiplied by the station observations, and then the resulting values are added together.4) Distance Weighting/Gridded This is yet another way for station weighting and uses distance instead of gridding.
The results of applying a distance weighting technique are used to generate a grid of point estimates. Each observed point value is assigned a specific weight for each grid point, which is determined by the distance between the observed point and the grid point in question.
- The grid point precipitation value is determined by adding up the weight of each individual station and then multiplying that total by the value of the station at where it was measured.
- After all of the grid points’ precipitation totals have been calculated, those totals are totaled together, and then the total is divided by the total number of grid points to arrive at the areal average precipitation.5) The MAPX approach is a gridded method that is exclusive to the NWS.
The 4 x 4 km WSR-88D 1-hourly gridded precipitation estimates are utilized in the process of calculating the areal runoff zone precipitation estimates. To arrive at an average value for the grid point estimations, the calculating method known as the arithmetic mean is utilized.6) Index Stations – In some regions of the nation (mainly mountainous regions), pre-determined station weights based on climatology are used to compute basin average precipitation.
These station weights are employed to account for the local climate. The terminology of areal precipitation used in ABRFC’s hydrologic modeling Mean Areal Precipitation, or MAP for short, is an estimate of the precipitation in an area that is often derived from point observations of precipitation. The computation method known as distance weighting is the one that is employed.
The MAP is routinely fed into the river forecast model in the capacity of an input variable. MAPX, also known as Radar Based Mean Areal Precipitation, is an estimate of the runoff zone precipitation that is based on the 1-hourly gridded precipitation estimates from WSR-88D for a 4 x 4 kilometer area.
- To arrive at an average value for the grid point estimations, the calculating method known as the arithmetic mean is utilized.
- The river forecast model regularly takes MAPX data into consideration as an input variable.
- FMAP – Future Mean Areal Precipitation – Future or anticipated areal runoff zone precipitation estimate.
The precipitation predictions that are developed by the Weather Forecast Offices (WFOs) are based on information from a variety of sources, some of which may include the output of meteorological models, national guidance products, local forecast techniques, and the individual experience of forecasters.
Following the completion of the weather analysis, the WFO forecaster will use a computer program to draw isohyets of the expected precipitation, and the software will then carry out an automated isohyetal analysis calculation procedure in order to convert these to areal estimations. The information for the precipitation forecast is prepared for four separate periods of six hours each.
The region of coverage corresponds to the territory that falls under the purview of each WFO. The information from the WFOs is mosaicked by the ABRFC Hydrometeorological Analysis and Support (HAS) function so that it can cover the whole ABRFC area of responsibility.